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refuse (v.)


3rd person present: refuses; past tense: refused; past participle: refused; gerund or present participle: refusing

indicate or show that one is not willing to do something.

indicate that one is not willing to accept or grant (something offered or requested).


(of a thing) fail to perform a required action.

c. 1300, from Old French refuser "reject, disregard, avoid" (12c.), from Vulgar Latin *refusare, frequentative form from past participle stem of Latin refundere "give back, restore, return," literally "pour back, flow back," from re- "back" (see re-) + fundere "to pour" (from nasalized form of PIE root *gheu- "to pour"). Related: Refused; refusing.

refuse (n.)


matter thrown away or rejected as worthless; rubbish.

The RE-FUSE platform was initiated by the Greek National Opera's artistic director, Giorgos Koumendakis, as part of GNO's Alternative Stage (Athens, GR) activities in collaboration with Gaudeamus (Utrecht, NL). The platform was launched in January 2016 under the artistic coordination of the composer Thanasis Deligiannis (GR/NL) and completed its activities in November 2017. The RE-FUSE team consisted of an international group of professionals from different art fields: Tzeni Argyriou (GR) – choreographer, Argyro Chioti (GR) – stage director, George Dumitriu (RO/NL) – violinist & violist, Pepe Garcia (MX/NL) – percussionist, Richard Haynes (AU/CH) – clarinetist, Kieran Klaassen (NL/US) – network programmer, Els Mondelaers (BE/NL) - singer, Roelof Pothuis (NL) – set designer & lighting designer, Efthimis Theou (GR/DE) - actor, Bas Wiegers (NL) - conductor.

For access to the complete database of the RE-FUSE platform, as well as organisational matters, you can contact Thanasis Deligiannis by email.

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